Mozart – Requiem (Giulini) – Vinyl LP
Wikipedia: The Requiem Mass in D minor (K. 626) by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was composed in Vienna in 1791 and left unfinished at the composer’s death on December 5. A completion dated 1792 by Franz Xaver Süssmayr was delivered to Count Franz von Walsegg, who had anonymously commissioned the piece for a requiem mass to commemorate the February 14 anniversary of his wife’s death.
The autograph manuscript shows the finished and orchestrated introit in Mozart’s hand, as well as detailed drafts of the Kyrie and the sequence Dies Irae as far as the first nine bars of “Lacrimosa”, and the offertory. It cannot be shown to what extent Süssmayr may have depended on now lost “scraps of paper” for the remainder; he later claimed the Sanctus and Agnus Dei as his own. Walsegg probably intended to pass the Requiem off as his own composition, as he is known to have done with other works. This plan was frustrated by a public benefit performance for Mozart’s widow Constanze. A modern contribution to the mythology is Peter Shaffer’s 1979 play Amadeus, in which a mysterious messenger orders Mozart to write a requiem mass, giving no explanation for the order; Mozart (in the play) then comes to believe that the piece is meant to be the requiem mass for his own funeral.
The Requiem is scored for 2 basset horns in F, 2 bassoons, 2 trumpets in D, 3 trombones (alto, tenor & bass), timpani (2 drums), violins, viola and basso continuo (cello, double bass, and organ). The vocal forces include soprano, contralto, tenor, and bass soloists and an SATB mixed choir.
Helen Donath, soprano;
Christa Ludwig, mezzo-soprano;
Robert Tear, tenor;
John Shirley-Quirk, baritone;
Robert Lloyd, bass;
Philharmonia Chorus and Orchestra;
sixty-five year old Carlo Maria Giulini (1914-2005), conductor. From the LP that you see above, issued in 1979 on the Angel label. Images of the LP labels and jacket appear at 38:00 and 53:02.
Mozart – Requiem (Giulini) Tracklist
I. Introitus: Requiem aeternam (0:03)
II. Kyrie eleison (4:56)
— Dies irae (7:38)
— Tuba mirum (9:32)
— Rex tremendae majestatis (13:35)
— Recordare, Jesu pie (16:06)
— Confutatis maledictis (22:09)
— Lacrimosa dies illa (24:55)